The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (simply referred to as the Barcelona Convention) aims to prevent and abate pollution from ships, aircraft and land based sources in the Mediterranean Sea. It was adopted in 1976 as a regional convention and signatories agreed to cooperate and assist in dealing with pollution emergencies, monitoring and scientific research. The convention was amended on 10 June 1995. The Barcelona Convention and its protocols have been used as the legal framework of the Mediterranean Action Plan, which was developed under the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Seas Programme.
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Signatories of Barcelona Convention: