The Constitution of the Congo contains many provisions for the protection of the environment.
Article 41 states that “Every citizen has the right to a healthy, satisfying and durable environment and has the duty of defending it. The State sees to the protection and the conservation of the environment”.
Article 42 reads: “The conditions of storage, of handling, of incineration and of disposal of toxic wastes, pollutants or radioactive [materials] originating from factories and other industrial or artisan sites installed on the national territory, are established by the law. All pollution or destruction resulting from an economic activity gives rise to compensation. The law determines the nature of the compensatory measures and the modalities of their execution.”
Article 43 provides a framework for the “transit, the importation, the storage, landfill, [and] dumping in the continental waters and the maritime spaces under national jurisdiction”.