The basis of Environmental Policy in Ghana is grounded in Article 36(9) of the 1992 Constitution. The Direct Principles of State Policy places a responsibility on every Ghanaian and the government to protect and safeguard the environment for posterity. It explicitly requires the government to take relevant steps aimed at the protection and defence of the national environment for future generations.
Under the Directive Principles of State Policy, the Constitution reads: “The State shall take appropriate measures needed to protect and safeguard the national environment for posterity; and shall seek cooperation with other states and bodies for purposes of protecting the wider international environment for mankind.”
Article 87 outlines the Functions of the National Development Planning Commission, stating the commission must “make proposals for the protection of the natural and physical environment.”
Policy instruments such as environmental impact assessments, Parliamentary Acts and legislation, environmental guidelines, environmental taxes and environmental permitting standards aim to operationalise the broad environmental policy directives in the 1992 Constitution of Ghana.