The constitution of Honduras contains provisions for the protection of both human health and the natural environment. For example, Article 145 reads:
“The right to the protection of one's health is hereby recognized. It is everyone's duty to participate in the promotion and preservation of individual and community health. The State shall maintain a satisfactory environment for the protection of everyone's health. Consequently, access to water and sanitation are declared to be a human right. Their enjoyment and use shall be equitable with preference to human consumption. Therefore, the preservation of sources of water is guaranteed such that they shall not put life and public health at risk. The activities of the State and of public and private entities shall be subject to this provision. The law shall regulate this subject.”
In a related vein, Article 340 states: “The reforestation of the country and the conservation of forests are declared to be of national importance and collective interest”.
Environmental legislation in Honduras draws upon the General Law of the Environment and its bylaws; the General Bylaws of Environmental Health; and by the National Environmental Impact Assessment System bylaws.