1993: The Water Code was created. The objectives of water legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan are the regulation of water relations for the purpose of rational and sustainable water use; the protection of water resources from pollution and exhaustion; and the improvement of the legal framework with respect to water relations.
2003: The Forest Code was established to advance the following principles:
2003: Rules of Land Preservation approved by the Decree of the Kazakhstan Government were instituted. The legislation addresses land contamination resulting from anthropogenic activities exceeding the maximum permissible limits of detrimental substances and potentially reducing the value of the land.
2004: Order No. 56-p of the Director of the Fisheries Committee was signed. The Director of the Fisheries Committee ordered to prohibit the use of mesh fishing gear (set nets and floatable nets) non-complying with fish industry-specific standards, and also fishing gear manufactured with the use of nylon monofibre thread and monofilament yarn, in all the fishery waterbodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
2007: The Environmental Code was passed. The legislation establishes:
2010: The Law on Subsoil and Subsoil Use was adopted, determining the regime for subsoil use; the procedure for exercising the state management and regulation in subsoil use; the features of the creation, exercising and termination of rights to subsoil plots; and the legal status of subsoil users.
2012: The multi-sectoral policy document was unveiled. It established, inter alia, the following challenges to face: (a) the threat to global food security; (b) acute water shortage; and (c) exhaustibility of natural resources. The high rate of growth of the world’s population is sharply exacerbating the food problem. Already today, tens of millions of people in the world are hungry, about a billion people are permanently food insecure. Without revolutionary changes in food production, these terrible numbers will only grow. For Kazakhstan, in this challenge lies enormous opportunity. The country is already among the largest exporters of cereals. It has vast organic areas and can produce organic food. The country is perfectly capable of making a qualitative leap in agricultural production. To do this, it needs a new kind of government thinking. The problem of water supply is acute in the country as well. There is not enough high-quality potable water. A number of regions are in dire need of it. There is also a geopolitical aspect to this problem. Already now the country is faced with a serious question of transboundary river water use. Despite the complexity of this issue, it must not become politicized. The era of the hydrocarbon economy is gradually coming to an end. A new era is coming in which human activity will be based not only and not so much on oil and gas, but on renewable energy sources. Kazakhstan is a key element of global energy security. The country, with its large world-class oil and gas reserves, will not deviate one step from its policy of reliable strategic partnership and mutually beneficial international cooperation in the energy sphere. By 2050, alternative and renewable forms of energy should account for at least half of the country’s total energy consumption.
2014: The State Program of Forced Industrial-Innovative Development of Kazakhstan for 2015-2019 was introduced. It is a nationwide multi-sectoral policy document setting forth the goal of stimulating diversification and increasing the competitiveness of the manufacturing industry. It covers metallurgy, oil processing industry, food processing industry, agrochemistry and manufacturing of agricultural equipment. Food processing industry is considered to be a priority sector for the purpose of implementation of the State Program.
Minister of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of Kazakhstan, Mr. Serikkali Brekeshev: firstname.lastname@example.org