1956: The Native Lands Ordinance was passed, stating that native land owned by a native or natives in each of the 18 islands of Kiribati cannot be alienated to a person who is not a native. It does not restrict alienation to the Crown, a Local Government Council, the Housing Corporation, a registered society under the Cooperative Societies Ordinance or the National Loans Board.
1959: The Neglected Lands Ordinance was signed, providing for the purchase of lands that, in the opinion of the Minister responsible, are neglected. “Neglected” in this sense means land that is suitable for agriculture that is not fully or efficiently utilized”. Such land may only be transferred to natives or for sale or gift to Local Government Councils.
1976: The Plants Ordinance was adopted. It serves as the statutory basis for the protection of plants in Kiribati, including control of importation of plants, the authority to inspect premises and to impose quarantine areas.
1977: The Fisheries Ordinance was instituted, describing the Minister’s role in developing the fisheries resources of Kiribati for the full benefit of the country.
1983: The Maritime Zones (Demarcation) Act was established to demarcate Kiribati jurisdiction over an exclusive economic zone. The legislation includes a description of areas within these limits relating to international and archipelagic waters and the territorial sea.
1989: The Laws of Kiribati acknowledged customary law in that it may be applied to:
1999: The Environment Act was introduced to provide for environmental assessments, at the discretion of Cabinet. The Legislation also states: “No person shall cause or allow waste or pollutant to be discharged in any position, place, land, beach, sea, lagoon, or foreshore from which the waste or pollutant is likely to result in pollution or the unreasonable interference with health, welfare, convenience, comfort or amenity of any person”.
The following provisions are also contained therein:
– To provide for and establish integrated systems for development control, environmental impact assessment and pollution control
– To prevent, control and monitor pollution
– To reduce risks to human health and prevent the degradation of the environment by all practical means, including the following: regulating the discharge of pollutants to the air, water and land; regulating the transport, collection, treatment, storage and disposal of wastes; and promoting recycling, re-use, reduction, composting and recovery of materials in an economically viable manner
– To comply with and give effect to regional and international conventions and obligations relating to the environment.
– Protecting and conserving the natural resources threatened by human activities, particularly those resources of national and ecological significance as may be classified under the categories of terrestrial vegetation, coral, fish and marine life
2013: The Kiribati Integrated Environment Policy was unveiled. The Integrated Environment Policy is a national policy with a cross-sectoral approach. The overall goals of the Policy are to ensure a safe and healthy environment and support livelihoods, human health, and sustainable development by addressing climate change, biodiversity conservation and management, waste management and pollution control, resource management, and environmental governance.
2018: The Kiribati Climate Change Policy was tabled. Kiribati Climate Change Policy is a national policy with a multi-sectoral approach. The goal of this Policy is to increase the resilience of Kiribati against the impacts of climate change and related disaster risks by addressing the challenges posed by climate change and disaster risks in a holistic manner.
Ministry of Environment, Lands and Agricultural Development: email@example.com