Article 19 of the constitution of Laos reads: “All organisations and citizens must protect the environment and natural resources: land surfaces, underground [resources,] forests, animals, water sources and the atmosphere.”
Laos’ Environmental Protection Law (EPL) specifies necessary principles, rules and measures for managing, monitoring, restoring and protecting the environment in order to protect public, natural resources and biodiversity, and to ensure the sustainable socioeconomic development of the nation. This law also mandates that the responsibility of environmental protection lies with the Prime Minister’s Office. The National Land Management Authority (NLMA) was integrated and upgraded to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) in 2011. The revised version of EPL was released on 18 December 2012.