Article 53 of Lithuania’s Constitution reads: “The State and each person must protect the environment from harmful influences.” Article 54, in a related vein, reveals that “The State shall take care of the protection of the natural environment, wildlife and plants, individual objects of nature and areas of particular value and shall supervise a sustainable use of natural resources, their restoration and increase.The destruction of land and the underground, the pollution of water and air, radioactive impact on the environment as well as depletion of wildlife and plants shall be prohibited by law.”
The first National Environmental Protection Programme (NEPP) was drawn up in 1992. It addressed the major environmental problems in priority order. The Law on Environmental Protection (LEP) of 21 January l992 lays down the basic principles of environmental protection. Its main objective is to achieve an ecologically sound and healthy environment on which human activities have little negative impact and which can maintain Lithuania’s typical landscape as well as its diversity of biological systems.