Article 19 of Mauritania’s constitution contains provisions for the protection of the environment. It reads: “Every citizen must loyally fulfill his obligations towards the national collectivity and respect public property and private property. The citizens enjoy the same rights and the same duties vis-à-vis the Nation. They participate equally in the construction [edification] of the Fatherland and have the right, under the same conditions, to sustainable development and to an environment balanced and respectful of health.”
Article 57 ensures governance of the general regime of water, of mines, and of hydro-carbons, of fishing and of the merchant marine, of the fauna, of the flora, and of the environment.