Article 33 of Palestine’s constitution offers provisions for the protection of the environment. Specifically, the article reads: “The enjoyment of a balanced and clean environment is a human right. The preservation and protection of the Palestinian environment from pollution for the sake of present and future generations is a national duty.”
The Oslo Peace Process of 1993 rendered the Declaration of Principle, which addressed environmental issues. It stated that both Israel and the Palestinian Authority would adopt, apply and ensure compliance with internationally recognized standards regarding land, air, water and sea pollution, as well as disposal of solid and liquid wastes. The Declaration also mentioned a Palestinian Environmental Protection Authority (PEPA), and a draft environmental law was prepared by the Applied Research Institute of Jerusalem (ARIJ) and the Environmental Law Institute of Washington, D.C., in January 1995.