Russia has a federal legal system with environmental matters regulated at both the federal and regional level. At the federal level, this takes the form of codes, laws and subordinate regulations approved by the government and other state bodies.Russia’s constitution contains various provisions for the protection of the environment. Article 58 reads: “Everyone shall have a duty to preserve nature and the environment and to treat natural resources with care”.
According to Article 36, “Possession, utilization and disposal of land and other natural resources shall be exercised by the owners freely provided that this is not detrimental to the environment and does not violate the rights and lawful interests of other people”.
Finally, Article 72 states: The following shall be within the joint jurisdiction of the Russian Federation and constituent entities of the Russian Federation - “use of natural resources, protection of the environment and provisions for ecological safety; specially protected natural territories, protection of historical and cultural monuments”.