The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity governs the movements of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology from one country to another. It was adopted on January 29, 2000 as a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity and was approved on 11 September 2003. Specifically, the Protocol draws upon the precautionary approach and reaffirms the precaution language in Principle 15 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development.
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