Zimbabwe’s constitution contains provisions for the protection of the environment:
Section 72 outlines the Rights to agricultural land. In this section-- "agricultural land" means land used or suitable for agriculture, that is to say for horticulture, viticulture, forestry or aquaculture or for any purpose of husbandry, including anything permanently attached to or growing on land; "piece of agricultural land" means a piece of agricultural land registered as a separate piece of land in a Deeds Registry.
Agricultural land, or any right or interest in such land, is required for a public purpose, including:
a. settlement for agricultural or other purposes
b. land reorganization, forestry, environmental conservation or the utilization of wild life or other natural resources
c. the relocation of persons dispossessed as a result of the utilization of land for a purpose referred to in paragraph (a) or (b); the land, right or interest may be compulsorily acquired by the State by notice published in the Gazette identifying the land, right or interest, whereupon the land, right or interest vests in the State with full title with effect from the date of publication of the notice.
Section 73 highlights Environmental rights
1. Every person has the right--
a. to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well-being
b. to have the environment protected for the benefit of present and future generations, through reasonable legislative and other measures that
i. prevent pollution and ecological degradation
ii. promote conservation
iii. secure ecologically sustainable development and use of natural resources while promoting economic and social development.
2. The State must take reasonable legislative and other measures, within the limits of the resources available to it, to achieve the progressive realization of the rights set out in this section.